promote interaction among the Maheshwari Community by
providing relevant information and support on social,
professional and personal issues on a non-commercial
are a Vaishnava business community in India. They
are originated from Khandela, Rajasthan. Khandela
town is about 10 miles away from Phulera junction
of Jaipur district. Loh-Garl area still has a water
bath, which is 20-25 miles away from the Ringus junction,
near the mountains. Birla, one of India's most prestigious
families has established a sanatorium near the Didwana
of Nagour district here we discuss the khanp of maheshwary
Account of origin
Once upon a time, Raja Khandelsen was the ruler of
Khandela gram, a part of Rajasthan, India. He had
two beautiful queens, Rani Suryakuvar and Rani Indrakuvar.
However, the king did not have any children, thus
no one to carry his name or kingdom. He performed
many pujas (prayers), yagnas (fire ceremony) and much
charity to help the poor, but no avail. Finally, one
day he shared his sorrow with his spiritual advisor,
Maharishi Yagyavalk. Maharishi Yagyavalk told him
that he was cursed from his previous life and this
was the reason he was still childless.
Maharishi explained to the king "In your previous
life, you earned your living through killing and selling
of animal flesh. Once you aimed your bow and arrow
at a pregnant deer and killed her. As she died in
pain, she placed a curse upon you saying, 'You shall
be childless!' However, you felt guilty from this
act, and went to Pushkar where you took a bath in
the pious pond, to wash off your sins. This religious
act helped you become a king in this life. To recover
from this past curse, there is one solution that I
shall explain to you. Not too far from here in Bhashkar
state is a Pipal tree, under which a Shivling (see
Lingam) is buried. You should get this Shivling out
and make a beautiful temple for Lord Shiva, in which
this Shivling must be embellished with respect and
devotion." The king did exactly as he was told,
in addition he recited the "Om, Namah Sivaya"
shloka (a prayer; set of holy words) for two years.
This pious and religious act pleased Lord Shiva who
in turn blessed the king with a son, who was named
After prince Sujansen's birth, the spiritual advisor
made his Kundali (horoscope), to chart out his graha
and nakshatra. He shared the graha position findings
with King Khandelsen and said "Your son will
be handsome, masculine, and powerful; however due
to an unforeseen incident he will suffer from sorrow
for a short while, but that will eventually result
in a happy ending."
Prince Sujansen was married to princess Chadravati,
daughter of King Yudhaveer. After their marriage,
King Khandelsen handed over the kingdom to his son
Sujansen, and moved to the forest for his retirement.
One day King Sujansen went into the forest to hunt
with his 72 soldiers as part of his routine. As the
King and his soldiers were hunting, they got lost
and became hungry. Soon, they sensed an aroma, as
if someone was cooking good food, and they followed
this aroma and reached a place where six rishis were
performing a yagna for Lord Shiva. Due to extreme
hunger, the king and soldiers started eating prasad,
drinking water from the nearby pond that was reserved
for the yagna puja, and also started washing their
stained bows and arrows in it. This broke the rishis'
concentration, and they cursed the king and his 72
soldiers to turn into stones.
Back in the kingdom, the queen and the wives of the
72 soldiers waited for months for their husbands'
return. Finally Queen Chandravati went to see Maharishi
Jabali. Rishi Jabali explained the situation in its
entirety and suggested that she and the wives of the
soldiers should go to the temple near the pond and
pray to Lord Shiva for their husbands' lives.
At this time, in Kailashparvath, in the Himalayas
Lord Shiva and his beautiful wife Parvati were residing.
Lord Shiva told Parvati that he needs to visit Earth,
some of his worshipers were performing yagna and he
needs go and show his satisfaction towards the successful
completion of the yagna. Parvati loved her husband
dearly, and did not like to part from her husband.
This time Parvati insisted to go with Shiva to Earth.
Lord Shiva said to Parvati, "Dear, you are very
kind hearted, you will not be able to bear the pains
of the people living on Earth. As always, you will
ask me to take away all of their sorrows, so it is
better you stay here till my return to Kailashparvath."
But Parvati insisted and said, "No, I must go
with you." After a while, Lord Shiva said, "As
you wish!" and they both started their journey
to Earth where the rishis were performing the yagna.
As Lord Shiva and Parvati reached the site, Parvati
saw the queen and all the soldiers' wives crying for
their husbands' stone figures. Lord Shiva explained
the situation to Parvati. Parvati immediately said
to Lord Shiva, "You must give these men another
life, because when I can not live without you even
for a fraction of a second; how can you expect me
to leave this place while these wives are so sorrowful
in life without their husbands?" Lord Shiva said
"This is what I was afraid of when you decided
to join me for this journey; in any case I must do
72 Maheshwari Khanps (Sub
Lord Shiva brought the king and the 72 soldiers back
to life, and told king Sujansen, "As you have
performed sinful activities, taking away lives of
God's creatures, and have misused your power, you
have suffered from this incident. From now on, since
I am granting all of you a second life, you will be
known after my name as 'Mahesh-waris.' You will also
stop your role of Kshatriya and become Vaishya, practicing
the role of Vaishya Dharam, which is a role of non-violence.
Sujansen, to compensate for your violent tendency,
from now on you will make a living through donations
from your 72 Vaishaya brothers and perform the task
of documenting their family trees."
At once, all came to life as if they were awakened
from a long sleep. However, they were hesitant to
accept their wives, since the wives still belonged
to the Kshatriya caste. At this point, Parvati Mata
said, "Every couple shall take four parikramas
(an act of circling around a God or Goddess in the
temple) around me; their gathbandhan (a long scarf
used to tie bride and grooms cloth ends together)
will be joined automatically." At this, everyone
did so, and they re-joined as husbands and wives.
This is the reason why four feras (parikramas, in
the cernacular also known as "Mama pheras")
(see saptapadi) are done outside at Maheshwari weddings,
as a reminder of our origin. Lord Shiva gave this
blessing to the new 72 Vaishyas on the ninth day of
Jyesth, Shukla Paksh in the year nine of Yudhisthira
Sanvat. On this day, newlywed brides and grooms are
appointed to pray to Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati so
that they can also be blessed with children and eternally
live a happy and joyous life.
While the 72 soldiers were bathing in the pond, their
bows and arrows were melted, and after this the pond
was named "Loh-Gal". Due to the incident
in this story, new 72 Maheshwari khanp last names
were created. After this, additional five Kshatriya
last names were also added to the original 72 last
names. Some of the Maheshwari Khapen are shown below: